Recreation Climbing and Sport Climbing
Sport Rock Climbing developed as a popular form of recreation within the last 25 years. As a sport this is a relative newcomer to the climbing scene. There is a slight difference between recreation climbing and sport rock climbing, but not much. The terms are usually used interchangeably. However, recreation climbing includes indoor climbing walls, whereas sport rock climbing specifically refers to outdoor climbing. Sport climbing developed from traditional climbing but is now its own form of the sport and differs in an important way.
The protection for sport climbing is permanently anchored into the rock. With trad, the protection is placed using cams and nuts, which are carried with the climber, and wedged into cracks. Since protection is bolted into the cliff, sport rock climbing is considered much safer than trad. It takes less investment of personal time. The routes can be scaled quicker and the climbing areas are easier to access. Several people can get out to a local crag and back in an afternoon. The routes themselves are not as long. As a general rule they are about half the length of a rope. By contrast, trad routes often have belay anchor points and multiple pitches which continue sometimes for several hundred feet. The equipment required for sport climbing is less extensive and less expensive.