It's important for kids to wear helmets when participating in active sports such as indoor rock climbing. The helmets designed for children are made specifically for the type of sport or activity. For example, a child's climbing helmet is designed to the EN 12492, Snell N-94 climbing and mountaineering helmet standard. This means it is designed to protect the head for the specific type of bumps and impacts associated with a climbing fall. Children's helmets made for skiing and snowboarding are designed to the ASTM F2040, CE 1077, Snell RS-98 or S-98 standard. According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, "Different activities require different helmets, and there are helmets for every season's sports". The NHTSA(1) provided an effectiveness estimate that 85 to 88% of head and brain injuries could be prevented by correctly wearing the appropriate helmet for the sport or activity.
Types of Child Helmets
There are many types of helmets, and the manufacturers usually designs several models for children. Look for a label or marking on the inside of the child helmet that shows which standard it complies with. Some comply with more than one standard and therefore can be used with more than one sport. The US CPSA(2) lists many helmets with the applicable manufacturer's safety standard for various sports in which children might participate:
Fitting a Child's Helmet(2)(3)
- It should fit level on the head. There should be a space of one to two finger-widths above the eyebrow.
- The helmet straps should meet in a “V” beneath the child's ears, and buckled with no more than two fingers' space between the chin and the strap.
- It should not slide on the child's head more than an inch in any direction.
Fit of a Helmet vs Child's Growth
Most child helmets are built with an adjustment for growth. This is also useful for wear over a beanie in extreme cold conditions. Other children's helmets may have several sets of foam fitting pads. If this is the type of adjustment provided they can be replaced using thinner pads as your child grows. The pads are only a spacer for fitting. They do not change the level of protection provided by the helmet.(4)
When to Replace a Child's Helmet.
There are three factors to consider. 1) fit, 2) severity of impact, 3) helmet design is a single-impact or multiple-impact type.
- Fit. When the child has outgrown the adjustment mechanism on the helmet, it is time to be replaced.
- Impact. A crash or fall which the helmet was not impacted or was very minimally contacted may not require replacement of the helmet. However a severe impact may require replacement. This is determined by inspection.
- Single, or multiple-impact design. An example of a single-impact helmet is a bicycle helmet. They are designed to protect against a single severe impact. The inner foam material in the helmet should crush to absorb the impact energy during a fall or collision. If the foam has been crushed for any reason it can no longer provide protection. Multiple-impact helmets are designed to protect against more than one moderate impact. An example of a multiple-impact helmet is the football helmet or ice hockey helmet. It may be necessary to replace the helmet after an extremely severe impact. Regardless of the helmet type or rating, replace the helmet if it has any visible damage. The manufacturer provides inspection instructions when the helmet is purchased. This guidance should be used to determine if a helmet should be replaced.(4)
References: (1) NHTSA: http://www.nhtsa.gov; (2) CPSA: http://www.cpsc.gov/PageFiles/117293/349.pdff; (3) NHTSA: How to Fit a Child's Helmet; (4) Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute: http://www.bhsi.org/childpam.htm.
Child Helmets for Sale
LuminoLite Super Bright XPE CREE LED Headlamp 160 Lumens - 5 Lighting Modes, White & 2 Red LEDs, Comfy Adjustable Strap, IPX6 Waterproof Rated - Perfect For Running, Camping, Hiking, Fishing & Hunting
Don't Let The Dark Stop You From Doing What You Love. Whether You're Running, Hiking, Camping Or Walking At Night, You Can Rely On Our CREE LED Headlamp Tired Of... • Heavy bulky headlights which bob around on a run • Clicking through all the light modes with a single button • Uncomfortable straps which are too tight and give you a headache • Cheap and poorly made head lamps which...
Brightest & Best Led Headlamp Flashlight with Red Lights for Reading Outdoor Running Camping Backpacking Fishing Hunting Climbing Walking Jogging - Waterproof Work Light Headlamps with Batteries
GET RID OF SAFETY WORRIES FOR GOOD WHEN DOING OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES AT NIGHT Introducing "VITCHELO® V800 PREMIUM CREE LED Headlamp" - The Best VALUE Headlamp for YOUR MONEY on Amazon. Have You Ever Seen Those Complains About Headlamps • No red light or just a flashing one. • SINGLE button that controls both red & white light (even some best selling headlamps on Amazon have such issue)....
EDELRID - Shield II Kids' Softshell Climbing Helmet, Sahara/Oasis
Our popular softshell helmet with a stylish design perfect for children; included Airflow system with large vents for continual air exchange. The perfect combination of protection and comfort for long and demanding climbs. --The History of EDELRID-- EDELRID was founded by Julius EDELmann and Carl RIDder in 1863. At first, the company made braids and cords. Julius Edelmann was a salesman and mountaineer,...
Children's blue Zipline and climbing helmet
It is very light and comfortable and constructed for durability. Three pages of stickers, with one reflective page, are included so that the helmet can be personalized and made more visible. Helmet meets multiple standards: - climbing (CE EN 12 492 / UIAA) - European cycling (CE EN 1 078) - United States cycling (CSPC safety standard - cycling helmets for five-year-olds and older) Side openings for...
Petzl Picchu Children's Climbing & Cycling Helmet
The PICCHU helmet is designed for children who want to rock climb or cycle. It is very light and comfortable and constructed for durability. For night use, the PICCHU has a mount on the back of the helmet specially designed for attaching the SiGNAL red signalization light (included). Three pages of stickers, with one reflective page, are included so that the helmet can be personalized and made more...
Half Dome Climbing Helmet
The Half Dome Climbing Helmet has been redesigned from the ground up. With an improved fit and weight savings of more than 40 grams over the original, the Half Dome is an all-purpose workhorse ideal for everything from trad cragging to alpine expeditions. Also featuring a new custom-designed wheel adjuster for quick, secure and precise adjustments.
Trango CPU Helmet
Our CPU (Cranial Protection Unit) helmet is a great new lid that will keep your melon intact during rough and tumble climbing epics. Molded from tough ABS, its fully adjustable suspension allows for beanies and fits a wide variety of head shapes. Includes attachment for headlamp.
Black Diamond Men's Vector Climbing Helmet
Ideal for long routes, alpine climbs and other weight-sensitive exploits, the Black Diamond Vector helmet offers lightweight protection, superb ventilation and a great fit.
Black Diamond Vapor Climbing Helmet
Weighing just 188g and offering massive ventilation ports and a highly adjustable padded suspension system, the Black Diamond Vapor is a lightweight, comfortable, breathable climbing helmet.
Infityle LED Headlamp - Waterproof IPX5 200 Lumens LED Head Lamp Flash Working Lights
ARE YOU LOOKING FOR A LIGHTWEIGHT, WATERPROOF,POWERFUL AND AFFORDABLE HEADLAMP BUT Have You Ever Seen Those Complains About Headlamps SINGLE button that controls both red & white light, very hassle to choose light modes FEW LIGHT MODES OPTIONS: No red light or just a flashing one. Not waterproof. High light beam distance too short (very risky). Battery life that sucks... Here's Why Our LED headlamp...
EDELRID - Madillo Climbing Helmet
This legendary stow-able helmet has shell sides that slide into the top while the back folds in, reducing pack volume by 50 percent. It offers an innovative combination of materials - 3 different foam types (EPS, EPP and EVA) deliver optimum safety and comfort. --The History of EDELRID-- EDELRID was founded by Julius EDELmann and Carl RIDder in 1863. At first, the company made braids and cords. Julius...
Edelrid Shield II Climbing Helmet - Kids'
Simultaneously turn your child's head into a beast and protect his head from falling rocks with the Edelrid Kids' Shield II Climbing Helmet. Its lightweight in-mold construction includes a tough shell and an expanded foam core for comfort and protective durability. The Wing-Fit system uses an adjustable dial at the back for a secure fit, and Edelrid added removable padding for a customized...
Face Masks Xpassion Skull Mask
What make Xpassion Tube Masks so special Versatility: Strong stretch microfiber ensures Motley Tubes to be breathable, durable and comfortable. Outstanding flexible can make sure you can change this tube mask to any shape as you wish. Small and exquisite: Small pocket size and 30 gram in weight can make it easy to carry with you. Unrivalled Quality: We carefully handpicking all of the masks one...