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Child Helmet

It's important for kids to wear helmets when participating in active sports such as indoor rock climbing. The helmets designed for children are made specifically for the type of sport or activity. For example, a child's climbing helmet is designed to the EN 12492, Snell N-94 climbing and mountaineering helmet standard. This means it is designed to protect the head for the specific type of bumps and impacts associated with a climbing fall. Children's helmets made for skiing and snowboarding are designed to the ASTM F2040, CE 1077, Snell RS-98 or S-98 standard. According to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, "Different activities require different helmets, and there are helmets for every season's sports". The NHTSA(1) provided an effectiveness estimate that 85 to 88% of head and brain injuries could be prevented by correctly wearing the appropriate helmet for the sport or activity.

Types of Child Helmets

There are many types of helmets, and the manufacturers usually designs several models for children. Look for a label or marking on the inside of the child helmet that shows which standard it complies with. Some comply with more than one standard and therefore can be used with more than one sport. The US CPSA(2) lists many helmets with the applicable manufacturer's safety standard for various sports in which children might participate:

Fitting a Child's Helmet(2)(3)

  • It should fit level on the head. There should be a space of one to two finger-widths above the eyebrow.
  • The helmet straps should meet in a “V” beneath the child's ears, and buckled with no more than two fingers' space between the chin and the strap.
  • It should not slide on the child's head more than an inch in any direction.

Fit of a Helmet vs Child's Growth

Most child helmets are built with an adjustment for growth. This is also useful for wear over a beanie in extreme cold conditions. Other children's helmets may have several sets of foam fitting pads. If this is the type of adjustment provided they can be replaced using thinner pads as your child grows. The pads are only a spacer for fitting. They do not change the level of protection provided by the helmet.(4)

When to Replace a Child's Helmet.

There are three factors to consider. 1) fit, 2) severity of impact, 3) helmet design is a single-impact or multiple-impact type.

  • Fit. When the child has outgrown the adjustment mechanism on the helmet, it is time to be replaced.
  • Impact. A crash or fall which the helmet was not impacted or was very minimally contacted may not require replacement of the helmet. However a severe impact may require replacement. This is determined by inspection.
  • Single, or multiple-impact design. An example of a single-impact helmet is a bicycle helmet. They are designed to protect against a single severe impact. The inner foam material in the helmet should crush to absorb the impact energy during a fall or collision. If the foam has been crushed for any reason it can no longer provide protection. Multiple-impact helmets are designed to protect against more than one moderate impact. An example of a multiple-impact helmet is the football helmet or ice hockey helmet. It may be necessary to replace the helmet after an extremely severe impact. Regardless of the helmet type or rating, replace the helmet if it has any visible damage. The manufacturer provides inspection instructions when the helmet is purchased. This guidance should be used to determine if a helmet should be replaced.(4)

References: (1) NHTSA: http://www.nhtsa.gov; (2) CPSA: http://www.cpsc.gov/PageFiles/117293/349.pdff; (3) NHTSA: How to Fit a Child's Helmet; (4) Bicycle Helmet Safety Institute: http://www.bhsi.org/childpam.htm.

EDELRID - Shield II Kids' Softshell Climbing Helmet, Sahara/Oasis
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PETZL Picchu Climbing Helmet
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MagiDeal Professional Climbing Hard Hat Helmet Caving Rescue Head Protector for Kids
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Three trees Head Torchlight Sensor Brightest LED With Red Light Rechargeable outdoor Headlamp Flashlight for Kids Men and Women Waterproof for Running, Walking ,Reading,Camping
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Yangdx LED Headlamp Flashlight with Red Lights, 160 Lumens Headlight-4 Modes, IPX6 Waterproof Head Lamp, Ultra Bright LED Camping Headlamps Flashlight for Kids, Running, Hiking and Reading
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Edelrid Kids Shield climbing helmet Children yellow/orange 2015 by Edelrid
$235.70
Ultralight Waterproof Red Led Lens Headlamp Flashlight Mini - Book Reading Lights Headlamps for Outdoor: Camping Hiking Backpacking Fishing Running Jogging - Kids Headlamp
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UOOU Face Masks 2 Pieces Seamless Skull Face Tube Mask for Outdoor Acitivity Black
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ProClimb Gem Work and Rescue ANSI HIVIS Helmet Z89.1-2014 Type I Class E Certified with drawstring storage bag
$80.00
Breast Cancer or Lung Cancer Awareness Headband – Sports, Yoga, Exercise And Casual Headwear – Use as a Bandana, Balaclava, Neck Warmer, Cap, Scarf, Mask, Headband, Hairband, Sweatband And More
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EDELRID - Ultralight Junior Hardshell Helmet
$54.95
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ProClimb Gem Work and Rescue ANSI White Helmet Z89.1-2014 Type I Class E Certified with drawstring storage bag
$80.00
UltaBuild(TM) Suede Professional Children Equestrian Horse Riding Helmet Black Half Cover Horse Riding Equipment 50-60cm
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Mammut El Cap Kids
$59.95
Bluetooth Wireless Workout Headset, BRONZEMAN BZM7 V4.1 Professional Sport Earbuds/Earphone, Noise Cancellation Sweatproof Stereo Secure Fit Headphone with Mic for Running Hiking Jogging Gym
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#fireman - 20oz Hashtag Sturdy Stainless Steel Water Bottle, Silver
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Rechargeable LED Headlamp,ZIYUO 8500Lm XML T6+2R5 3 LED Headlight fishing Light Climbing helmet Light,Waterproof Adjustable 4 modes Headlamp outdoor
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Under Armour Boys' Baseball Stretch Fit Cap
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MLM Climbing Arborist Helmet Delivery Rock Carving Rappelling Safety Gear Equipment Half Dome Helmet Rescue Protect Gear Random Color Pack of 2
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ZIYUO LED Headlamp,10000Lm 3X XML T6+2R5 LED,4 modes LED Headlight,Waterproof Helmet Light for Camping climbing outdoor
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Salomon RS Thermobelt
$49.20
BUFF Polar Multifunctional Android Jones Headwear
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Rockland Luggage 17 Inch Rolling Backpack
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Insulated Hydration Backpack Pack with BPA FREE 2.5 Liter Water Bladder - Keeps Liquid Cool Up To 4 Hours, Cooler Bag Lightweight Travel Daypack For Running, Hiking, Cycling, Camping, Skiing, 18L
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J World New York Lollipop Kids' Rolling Backpack with Lunch Bag
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Deuter Kid Comfort 3
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